New study published in the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society evaluated antibiotic prescription practices for hospitalized children at 226 pediatric hospitals in 41 countries worldwide. According to this study, nearly a third of all antibiotics prescribed for hospitalized children were intended to prevent potential infections rather than to treat disease. Researchers found 11 899 total antibiotic prescriptions and 28,6 % of these were for prophylactic use. In addition, of the antibiotics prescribed for prophylactic use, 26,6 % were to prevent potential infection associated with an upcoming surgery. Half of all preventive antibiotic prescriptions were for broad-spectrum antibiotics. The study findings contradict current appropriate antibiotic use guidelines; clear targets for improving antibiotic prescribing in pediatric patient is needed in order to avoid development of antibiotic resistance and drug-resistant infections.
Read more: https://academic.oup.com/jpids/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/jpids/piy019/4939181?redirectedFrom=fulltext